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Hau Wong Temple, Junction Road

 
 

Hau Wong Temple is located at the junction of Tung Tau Tsuen Road and Junction Road, right opposite the Kowloon Walled City Park. It is said that the temple was built in around 1730.The temple is now listed as Grade I historical building by the Antiquities Advisory Committee.

Origin of the Temple

According to Chan Pak-to, a scholar of Qing Dynasty(清朝), the temple was built in memory of Hau Wong (Marquis Prince) Yeung Leung-jit, who was a general known for his loyalty during Southern Song Dynasty(南宋朝). An account of the history of Hau Wong Temple written by Chan Pak-to was inscribed on a stone tablet in the temple. Another version about the origin of temple is that it was built in memory of a villager surnamed Yeung who had cured the last emperor of Southern Song Dynasty of his sickness. There is also a saying that the temple was built by a Yeung's family to honour their ancestor who helped the Song Dynasty to fight against the Yuen troops.

Hau Wong (Marquis Prince)

While there is no conclusive proof about the origin of Hau Wong, most people subscribe to the saying that the temple was built in memory of Hau Wong Yeung Leung-jit, the loyal general who protected the last emperor of Southern Song Dynasty to take refuge southwards in Kowloon.

Architectural Setting

侯王石碑

佛光堂

羅漢堂及太歲殿

一筆鶴

主殿

鵝字亭

詩詞坊

石灣陶塑

 

The temple consists of three buildings. Facing the entrance of the temple is the main hall which houses the image of Hau Wong. There are three chambers to the left of the main hall. In front of these chambers, there is a small garden where the walls are decorated with brightly-coloured figurines made of Shek Wan pottery. The garden is linked to the pavilion built in an ancient style in front of the main hall. Worshippers have to pass through the pavilion to get to the temple when they come in from the main entrance. On the right hand side of the temple, there is an oriental garden built with a square pavilion. A replica of the stone inscription of the Chinese word "goose" written in one brush stroke is placed inside the pavilion. Another stone inscription of the Chinese word "crane", also written in one brush stroke, is placed at the back of the temple.

Historical & Cultural Relics

The temple is home to a wealth of cultural artifacts, including groups of reliefs on the walls, an iron incense burner dedicated to Hau Wong, stone inscriptions of "goose" and "crane" in Chinese written in one brush stroke and a number of plaques. The stone tablet detailing the renovation of the Yeung Marquis Royal Palace, carved in 1822, is the oldest stone inscription preserved in the Wong Tai Sin district.

Other Deities

Apart from the main deity of Hau Wong, the temple also houses Kwun Yum(Goddess of Mercy), Tai Sui (The Sixty Gods of Time), All Saints and Buddhas, Eighteen Buddha Guardians (Lohan) and Three Precious Buddhas.

Hau Wong Festival

Hau Wong Festival of this temple is held on the sixteenth day of the sixth lunar month. It was a major event before World War II.

Major Renovations

The Temple had undergone several renovations in 1759, 1822, 1859, 1879, 1917 and 1988. The fact that funds could be raised to renovate the temple several times during Qing Dynasty shows that there were considerable economic activities in the Kowloon City district in the 19th century. A $4 million project was carried out by the Chinese Temples Committee in 2005 to renovate the temple and preserve its outlook.

 

 

 

Addresss:

Junction Road, Kowloon

Opening Hour:

8:00am to 5:00pm daily

Public Transport:

MTR - Lok Fu Exit B - follow Junction Road and walk southward for about five minutes.

 

 

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