Hau Wong Temple, Junction Road
Origin of the Temple
There are different versions of the temple's history. Some believe that it was built to commemorate Yeung Leung Jit, a loyal follower and a marquis of the last Emperors of the Southern Sung Dynasty who fled with the royal family to Kowloon driven by the Mongols. A stone tablet at the courtyard, written by Chan Pak To, a Chinese scholar and officer in the late Qing Dynasty provided an account of the story. Others believe that the temple was built in memory of a villager surnamed Yeung who had cured the Emperor of the Southern Sung of an illness when the emperor family fled to Kowloon City.
Architectural Merit and Relics
The temple was built on an elevated terrace. It consists of a main hall, side chambers and a Chinese Garden. The main hall is used for the worship of Hau Wong, Kwun Yum (Goddess of Mercy) and all Saints. The neighbouring Lohan Hall houses Eighteen Buddha Guardians Lohan, Three Precious Buddhas and Tai Sui (The Sixty Gods of Time). Shiwan figurine could be found at different parts of the temple. The rear hall's gables signify "Five Peaks Paying Tribute to Heaven." There are stone inscriptions of the Chinese characters "goose" and "crane" written in one brush stroke inside the pavilion in the Chinese garden and behind the temple respectively.
Kowloon Walled City
Kowloon Walled City was a military base of the Qing army, the temple was patronized by the Qing soldiers and officials. There were a number of memento donated by them including an iron incense burner (1847) and a few pieces of plaque. One plaque was donated by Qing Commander, Zhang Yutang, to show his gratitude to the deity for blessing them to win a battle against the British troop during the Opium War. The temple and other Kowloon Walled City historical relics witnessed the history of Kowloon City and coastal defense during Qing Dynasty.
Apart from the main deity of Hau Wong, the temple also houses Kwun Yum(Goddess of Mercy), Tai Sui (The Sixty Gods of Time), All Saints and Buddhas, Eighteen Buddha Guardians (Lohan) and Three Precious Buddhas.
Hau Wong Festival
Hau Wong Festival of this temple is held on the sixteenth day of the sixth lunar month.
The Temple had undergone several renovations in 1759, 1822, 1859, 1879, 1917 and 1988. The fact that funds could be raised to renovate the temple several times during Qing Dynasty shows that there were considerable economic activities in the Kowloon City district in the 19th century. A $4 million project was carried out by the Chinese Temples Committee in 2005 to renovate the temple and preserve its outlook.